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Periodontal Disease and Pregnancy Outcome

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Periodontal Dieases and pregnancy outcomes
Source: www.curiouskeeda.com

The health of our mouth has a direct influence on of our general health. Bad oral health, not only causes bleeding gums and bad breath but also chances of risking a baby during pregnancy. 

It is proven that women who develop serious mouth infections and suffer from gums that are bleeding while they are pregnant have a higher chance of delivering babies preterm if they do not treat the oral infection on time. 

It is common for pregnant women to develop oral problems. Around 70% of women develop inflammation of the gums, or gingivitis, during their pregnancy. This symptom is commonly referred to as pregnancy gingivitis.

Pregnancy  (gingivitis disease)
Source: www.sciencesource.com

This type of gingivitis occurs due to the changes in a mother’s hormone levels while they are pregnant. The gingivitis then promotes an inflammatory response, which further increases the risk of developing periodontal disease. Periodontal diseases are usually the infections of the structures around the teeth including the gums, ligaments, and bone. These diseases may cause bleeding of the gums and in severe cases, loss of teeth.

If a pregnant woman has untreated gum disease, they are staking more than just their teeth, they may also be risking the lives of their babies!

It is calculated that across the world, about 6.9 million babies
die due to prematurity. 

Babies are born prematurely with low birth weight because of their mothers’ smoking habits, and her ethnicity. Other factors, affecting the premature birth of the baby is also caused due to the mother’s age, whether she has previously delivered a baby that had a low birth weight, whether she had pregnancy complications and the type of delivery she had before along with the oral health the mother had.

There is a strong likelihood that there would be an adverse pregnancy outcome when a mother was clinically diagnosed with periodontal disease. Those who didn’t have the periodontal disease were more likely to have normal pregnancy outcomes.

Pregnancy  (periodontal disease)
Source: www.raynordental.com

Expectant mothers since a long time have been warned about gum disease-causing a baby to be born prematurely or too small. It is proven that an oral bacteria called Fusobacterium nucleatum could spread from the bloodstream to the placenta and Prevotella resides to the gums.

The bacteria that are present in the mouth can easily get into the bloodstream once a woman’s gums are bleeding. Generally, this type of bacteria, which is spread due to the oral diseases, can be easily combated by the immune system of the mother-to-be. 

Once the bacteria are present in the blood, they can spread almost anywhere. The placenta is an immuno-suppressed organ, compared to other organs like the liver and the spleen. And that makes it easy for the bacteria to colonize the placenta.

Periodontal diseases are silent infections that often go undiagnosed until irreparable damage occurs to the teeth and oral structures. Adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preeclampsia, preterm delivery, and intrauterine growth restriction, and fetal demise affect a significant number of pregnancies and are a major source of both maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality.

Visit KB Dental Clinic to have some detailed information about this matter. The doctors at KB Dental Clinics are experts having detailed information about the causes and preventive measures. KB Dental Clinic can be your go-to stop as they have a wide range of facilities
and treatments for you to keep your pearly whites all-shinning
and health all bright!

Your smile is just the beginning!

For More Dental Awareness, Read On…

Read| Gum Diseases: Its Symptoms and How To Cure It
Read| Is Tongue Cleaning Important??

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An impulsive writer and compulsive procrastinator, she energizes her daily grind with coffee, diversions and discourse. All she need to get through life is a flawlessly brewed coffee to accompany her vacillation and is lethargically motivated. On days when she is not writing, you’ll find her reading, watching movies and pigging out. Usually an escapist from worldly problem, seeking solace in books and food. Has a master’s degree in classical dance and has left no corners undiscovered when it comes to being creative and learning an art. A crazy coffee sweetheart who earnestly trusts in the magical power of words.